The number 4,294,967,295, equivalent to the hexadecimal value FFFF,FFFF, is the maximum value for a 32- bit unsigned integer in computing.

I understood every word of that, up to equivalent.
I guess I need to get Integers For Dummies.

4,294,967,295 is the highest value that can be represented in base 10 (i.e. the numbering system based on the digits 0-9) using 32-bits of storage (i.e. all 32 bits are set to a value of 1 rather than 0 in binary). Base 16 (or Hexadecimal, which uses 0-9 then A-F) is often used as a simpler way of expressing larger binary values because each digit in hex is the equivalent of 4 bits in binary ... hence the binary value 1111 would be represented by F in hex.

The hex value FFFFFFFF therefore represents 11111111111111111111111111111111 in binary.

The "unsigned" simply refers to the fact that the value has no sign, and only gives positive values, so the lowest possible value (32 zeroes) is 0. A "signed" integer would have a minimum value of -2,147,483,648 and a maximum of 2,147,483,647.

Here endeth today's Computer Science for The Vaguely Interested!

4,294,967,295 is the highest value that can be represented in base 10 (i.e. the numbering system based on the digits 0-9) using 32-bits of storage (i.e. all 32 bits are set to a value of 1 rather than 0 in binary). Base 16 (or Hexadecimal, which uses 0-9 then A-F) is often used as a simpler way of expressing larger binary values because each digit in hex is the equivalent of 4 bits in binary ... hence the binary value 1111 would be represented by F in hex.

The hex value FFFFFFFF therefore represents 11111111111111111111111111111111 in binary.

The "unsigned" simply refers to the fact that the value has no sign, and only gives positive values, so the lowest possible value (32 zeroes) is 0. A "signed" integer would have a minimum value of -2,147,483,648 and a maximum of 2,147,483,647.

Here endeth today's Computer Science for The Vaguely Interested!

The fastest way to reduce IGC is to buy and sell the World's Largest Zirconia.
I can go through 50 mill in about 10 minutes. And get a few donuts in the process.

I wish they'd finally add more really expensive things to the Road to Riches section. Maybe items that you could buy add-ons for or multiple pieces after unlocking.

I stopped selling the RTTs back (currently 615 stored; not grouped). Doesn't help when $ just maxes out again in a few hours.
For high % players, buy a few hundred RTTs and the next day you'll be maxed again.

## Replies

If you’ve got plenty of cash buy rat trucks and it’ll help you level up quicker too

4,294,967,295 is the highest value that can be represented in base 10 (i.e. the numbering system based on the digits 0-9) using 32-bits of storage (i.e. all 32 bits are set to a value of 1 rather than 0 in binary). Base 16 (or Hexadecimal, which uses 0-9 then A-F) is often used as a simpler way of expressing larger binary values because each digit in hex is the equivalent of 4 bits in binary ... hence the binary value 1111 would be represented by F in hex.

The hex value FFFFFFFF therefore represents 11111111111111111111111111111111 in binary.

The "unsigned" simply refers to the fact that the value has no sign, and only gives positive values, so the lowest possible value (32 zeroes) is 0. A "signed" integer would have a minimum value of -2,147,483,648 and a maximum of 2,147,483,647.

Here endeth today's Computer Science for The Vaguely Interested!

Interested and did understand some of that as we did a bit of binary at school, though not enough apparently.

Me trying to understand what is being said

Not an easy task unfortunately. 32 bit apps can need complete rewrites to convert to 64, and that eliminates any devices running on 32 bit processors

Unsolicited friends requests are all denied.Please PM me.I can go through 50 mill in about 10 minutes. And get a few donuts in the process.

For high % players, buy a few hundred RTTs and the next day you'll be maxed again.